** EMBARGOED UNTIL 12:01 HKT/5:01 BST/00:01 ET ON 23 JULY 2020**

180+ Orgs Demand Apparel Brands End Complicity in Uyghur Forced Labour

Today, 72 Uyghur rights groups are joined by over 100 civil society organisations and labour unions from around the world in calling on apparel brands and retailers to stop using forced labour in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (“Uyghur Region”), known to local people as East Turkistan, and end their complicity in the Chinese government’s human rights abuses. [Visit the Coalition End Forced Labour in the Uyghur Region’s website here.] The groups have issued a call to action seeking brand commitments to cut all ties with suppliers implicated in forced labour and end all sourcing from the Uyghur Region, from cotton to finished garments, within twelve months.

“Now is the time for real action from brands, governments and international bodies – not empty declarations. To end the slavery and horrific abuses of Uyghurs, Kazakhs and other Turkic Muslim peoples by the Chinese government, brands must ensure their supply chains are not linked to the atrocities against these people. The only way brands can ensure they are not profiting from the exploitation is by exiting the region and ending relationships with suppliers propping up this Chinese government system,” said Jasmine O’Connor OBE, CEO of Anti-Slavery International.

The Chinese government has rounded up an estimated 1 to 1.8 million Uyghurs and other Turkic and Muslim people in detention and forced-labour camps, the largest interment of an ethnic and religious minority since World War II. The atrocities in the Uyghur Region – including torture, forced separation of families, and the compulsory sterilisation of Uyghur women – are widely recognised to be crimes against humanity. A central element of the government’s strategy to dominate the Uyghur people is a vast system of forced labour, affecting factories and farms across the region and China, both inside and beyond the internment camps.

Gulzira Auelkhan, a Kazakh woman who was formerly detained in an internment camp and then subjected to forced labour in a factory said: “The clothes factory was no different from the [internment] camp. There were police, cameras, you couldn’t go anywhere.”

Despite global outrage at the abuses, leading apparel brands are bolstering and benefiting from the government’s assault on the peoples of the region. Brands continue to source millions of tons of cotton and yarn from the Uyghur Region. Roughly 1 in 5 cotton garments sold globally contains cotton and/or yarn from the Uyghur Region; it is virtually certain that many of these goods are tainted with forced labour. Moreover, apparel brands maintain lucrative partnerships with Chinese corporations implicated in forced labour, including those that benefit from the forced labour transfer of victims from the Uyghur Region to work in factories across China.

“Global brands need to ask themselves how comfortable they are contributing to a genocidal policy against the Uyghur people. These companies have somehow managed to avoid scrutiny for complicity in that very policy – this stops today,” said Omer Kanat, Executive Director of the Uyghur Human Rights Project.

The supply chains of most major apparel brands and retailers are tainted by Uyghur forced labour. Major corporations claim not to tolerate forced labour by their suppliers, but have offered no credible explanation as to how they can meet this standard while continuing to do business in a region where forced labour is rife.

“Forced labourers in the Uyghur Region face vicious retaliation if they tell the truth about their circumstances. This makes due diligence through labour inspections impossible and virtually guarantees that any brand sourcing from the Uyghur Region is using forced labour,” said Scott Nova, Executive Director of the Worker Rights Consortium.

“Given the lack of leverage and the inability to prevent or mitigate adverse human rights impacts, apparel brands and retailers must take the necessary steps to end business relationships connected to the Uyghur Region in order to fulfil their responsibility to respect human rights as defined by the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights,” said David Schilling, Senior Program Director of Human Rights at the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility.

“If responsible business conduct has any meaning, it requires fashion brands to act when independent journalists, United Nations human rights experts, and human rights NGOs expose grave human rights abuses,” said Jennifer (JJ) Rosenbaum, Executive Director of Global Labor Justice – International Labor Rights Forum. “Business and human rights principles require fashion brands to stop using cotton and labour from the Uyghur Region in their global supply chains.”


Media Contacts:

Peter Irwin, Uyghur Human Rights Project (Washington, DC): +1 (646) 906-7722, pirwin@uhrp.org

Penelope Kyritsis, Worker Rights Consortium (Washington, DC): +1 (401) 209-5917, penelope.kyritsis@workersrights.org

Chloe Cranston, Anti-Slavery International (London): +44 7789 936 383, c.cranston@antislavery.org

Johnson Yeung, Clean Clothes Campaign (Hong Kong): +852 6124 5154, johnson-eac@cleanclothes.org

Nazly Sobhi Damasio, Global Labor Justice – International Labor Rights Forum, +1 (312) 687-8360, nazly@globallaborjustice.org

More information:


Groups are seeking the following commitments from bands and retailers:

  • Stop sourcing cotton, yarn, textiles, and finished products from the Uyghur Region. Since cotton and yarn from the region is used to make textiles and finished goods across China and in

numerous other countries, this requires brands to direct all factories that supply them with textiles and finished goods not to use cotton or yarn from the Uyghur region.

  • Cut ties with companies implicated in forced labour – those that have operations in the Uyghur region and have accepted government subsidies and/or government-supplied labour at these operations. Examples include: Hong Kong-based Esquel Group and Chinese companies based outside of the Uyghur Region, such as Huafu Fashion Co., Lu Thai Textile Co., Jinsheng Group (parent company of Litai Textiles/Xingshi), Youngor Group, and Shandong Ruyi Technology Group Co.
  • Prohibit any supplier factories located outside of the Uyghur Region from using Uyghurs or Turkic or Muslim workers supplied through the Chinese government’s forced labour transfer scheme.
  • Note: Taking the actions listed above does not preclude brands from sourcing clothing from elsewhere in China, as long as cotton or yarn from the Uyghur Region is not used to make the clothing and as long as suppliers are not using forced Uyghur and other Turkic and Muslim labour.

Virtually the entire apparel industry is tainted by forced Uyghur and Turkic Muslim labour. Credible investigations and reports by the Associated Press, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Axios, Congressional-Executive Commission on China, Global Legal Action Network, and the Wall Street Journal have linked the following apparel brands and retailers to specific cases of Uyghur forced labour:

  • Abercrombie & Fitch
  • adidas
  • Amazon
  • Badger Sport (Founder Sport Group)
  • C&A (Cofra Holding AG)
  • Calvin Klein (PVH)
  • Carter’s
  • Cerruti 1881 (Trinity Limited)
  • Costco
  • Cotton On
  • Dangerfield (Factory X Pty Ltd)
  • Esprit (Esprit Holdings Ltd.)
  • Fila (FILA KOREA Ltd)
  • Gap
  • H&M
  • Hart Schaffner Marx (Authentic Brands Group)
  • Ikea (Inter IKEA Systems B.V.)
  • Jack & Jones (Bestseller)

  • Jeanswest (Harbour Guidance Pty Ltd)
  • L.L.Bean
  • Lacoste (Maus Freres)
  • Li-Ning
  • Marks & Spencer
  • Mayor
  • Muji (Ryohin Keikaku Co., Ltd.)
  • Nike
  • Patagonia
  • Polo Ralph Lauren (Ralph Lauren Corporation)
  • Puma
  • Skechers
  • Summit Resource International (Caterpillar)
  • Target Australia (Wesfarmers)
  • Tommy Hilfiger (PVH)
  • Uniqlo (Fast Retailing)
  • Victoria’s Secret (L Brands)
  • Woolworths (Woolworth Corporation, LLC.)
  • Zara (Inditex)
  • Zegna


About the Coalition to End Forced Labour in the Uyghur Region:

The Coalition to End Forced Labour in the Uyghur Region is a coalition of civil society organisations and trade unions united to end state-sponsored forced labour and other egregious human rights abuses against people from the Uyghur Region in China, known to local people as East Turkistan.

The coalition is calling on leading brands and retailers to ensure that they are not supporting or benefiting from the pervasive and extensive forced labour of the Uyghur population and other Turkic and Muslim-majority peoples, perpetrated by the Chinese government. Right now, there is near certainty that any brand sourcing apparel, textiles, yarn or cotton from the Uyghur Region is profiting from human rights violations, including forced labour, both in the Uyghur Region and more broadly throughout China.

We are asking brands and retailers to exit the Uyghur Region at every level of their supply chain, from cotton to finished products, to prevent the use of forced labour of Uyghurs and other groups in other facilities, and to end relationships with suppliers supporting the forced labour system. Brands and retailers must take each of these steps in order to fulfil their corporate responsibility obligations to respect human rights as defined in international principles such as the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.

The coalition urges national governments to strengthen and enforce existing laws prohibiting trade in goods produced using forced labour, and to adopt and implement binding laws requiring human rights due diligence in supply chains. The coalition is further committed to working with multilateral

organisations like the ILO and OECD to use their mechanisms to end forced labour in the Uyghur Region as well as forced labour and human trafficking of people from these communities.

We call on governments, MSIs, brands, and other stakeholders to join us in challenging this abusive system and together build the economic and political pressure on the Chinese government to end forced labour in the Uyghur Region.


Endorsers of the Call to Action:

  1. ABVV-FGTB (General Labour Federation of Belgium)
  2. achACT (Actions Consumers Workers)
  3. ACV-CSC (Confederation of Christian Trade Unions)
  4. ACV-CSC METEA (Metal and Textile Industries Trade Union)
  5. Advocates for Public Interest Law
  6. AFL-CIO
  7. Alberta Uyghur Association
  8. altraQualità
  9. Anti-Slavery International
  10. Arisa Foundation
  11. Arise Foundation
  12. Arzu Uigurischer Kuturverein e.V. (Azru Uyghur Cultural Association)
  13. Asian Solidarity Council for Freedom and Democracy
  14. Association des Ouïghours de France (Association of French Uyghurs)
  15. Athenai Institute
  16. Australia Tibet Council
  17. Australian Council of Trade Unions
  18. Australian East Turkestan Association
  19. Australian Uyghur Association
  20. Australian Uyghur Tangritagh Women’s Association
  21. Austria Uyghur Association
  22. Azzad Asset Management
  23. Bangladesh Garment and Industrial Workers’ Federation
  24. Belgium Uyghur Association
  25. Bishkek Human Rights Committee
  26. Campagna Abiti Puliti
  27. Campaign for Uyghurs
  28. Canada East Turkestan Union
  29. Central Eurasian Studies Society
  30. China Aid Association
  31. China Labor Watch
  32. China Labour Bulletin

  1. Christian Solidarity Worldwide
  2. Citizen Power Initiatives for China
  3. Clean Clothes Campaign
  4. Collectif Ethique sur l’étiquette
  5. Comité de Apoyo al Tíbet (Tibet Support Committee)
  6. CORE Coalition
  7. Corporate Accountability Lab
  8. Covenants Watch
  9. Dabindu Collective
  10. Daniye Uyghur Jama’itining Wekili (Denmark Uyghur Association)
  11. Doğu Türkistan Basin ve Medya Derneği (East Turkistan Press and Media Association)
  12. Doğu Türkistan Gençlik Derneği (East Turkistan Youth Association)
  13. Doğu Türkistan Kültür Merkezi Duisburg (East Turkistan Cultural Center Duisburg)
  14. Doğu Türkistan Maarif ve Dayanimsa Derneği (East Turkistan Education and Solidarity


  1. Doğu Türkistan Muhacirlar Derneği (East Turkistan Immigrants Association)
  2. Doğu Türkistan Nuzugum Kültür ve Aile Derneği (Nuzugum Culture and Family Centre)
  3. Doğu Türkistan Spor ve Gelişim Derneği (East Turkistan Sports and Development


  1. Doğu Türkistan Yeni Nesil Hareketi Derneği (East Turkistan New Generation Movement)
  2. Dutch Uyghur Human Rights Foundation
  3. Dutch Uyghur, Tibet, Mongol People Cooperation Organization
  4. East Turkestan Union in Europe
  5. East Turkistan Art & Science Institute
  6. East Turkistan Association of Canada
  7. East Turkistan Cultural and Solidarity Association
  8. East Turkistan Foundation
  9. East Turkistan Human Rights Watch Association
  10. East Turkistan Information Center
  11. East Turkistan National Council
  12. East Turkistan Union in Europe
  13. Eastern Turkistan Uyghur Association in the Netherlands
  14. FAIR (Fair Trade Cooperative)
  15. Fair Action
  16. Fashion Roundtable
  17. FGTB – CG (General Union Belgium)
  18. FIDH (International Federation for Human Rights )
  19. Formosan Association for Public Affairs
  20. FOS (Solidarity for the socialist movement in Flanders)
  21. Free Tibet
  22. Freedom Fund

  1. Freedom United
  2. Garment Labour Union
  3. Gender Alliance for Development Center
  4. Global Aktion
  5. Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women
  6. Global Labor Justice – International Labor Rights Forum
  7. Global Legal Action Network
  8. God Bless HK
  9. Grupo de Apoio ao Tibete (Tibet Support Group)
  10. H&M Hong Kong Staff Union
  11. Hong Kong Global Connect
  12. HOPE not hate
  13. Human Rights in China
  14. Human Rights Now
  15. Human Rights Watch
  16. Humanity Beyond Borders
  17. Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility
  18. International Campaign for Tibet
  19. International Commission of Jurists
  20. International Dalit Solidarity Network
  21. International Service for Human Rights
  22. International Trade Union Confederation
  23. Isa Yusuf Alptekin Foundation
  24. Islamic Information & Services Foundation
  25. Ittipak Uyghur Society of the Kyrgyz Republic
  26. Japan Uyghur Association
  27. Japan Uyghur Union
  28. Jewish World Watch
  29. Justice For All
  30. Kazakhstan National Culture Center
  31. Keep Taiwan Free
  32. Korean House for International Solidarity
  33. Labour Behind the Label
  34. Lantos Foundation for Human Rights & Justice
  35. Malaysia Consultative Council of Islamic Organizations
  36. Maquila Solidarity Network
  37. Mavi Hilal
  38. Minaret Foundation
  39. Movimento Consumatori (Consumer Movement)
  40. Netwerk Bewust Verbruiken (Network for Conscious Consumption)
  41. Norwegian Uyghur Committee (NUK)

  1. Open Gate La Strada Macedonia
  2. Pakistan Ömer Uyghur Foundation
  3. Peace Catalyst International
  4. Public Citizen
  5. Qutatqu Bilik Institute
  6. Rafto Foundation for Human Rights
  7. Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association
  8. Religious Freedom Institute
  9. René Cassin
  10. Responsible Sourcing Network
  11. Robert F Kennedy Human Rights
  12. Satuq Bughrahan Science and Culture Center
  13. SAVE (Social Awareness and Voluntary Education)
  14. Save Tibet
  15. Science, Education and Research Foundation
  16. SHARE (Shareholder Association for Research & Education)
  17. Shukr Foundation
  18. Society for Threatened Peoples
  19. Society Union of Uyghur National Association
  20. Solidarity China
  21. Stand with Hong Kong
  22. Stefanus Alliance International
  24. Südwind
  25. SÜDWIND-Institut
  26. Suomen Ita Turkestan Yhdistys (Finland East Turkistan Association)
  27. Sweden East Turkistan Education Association
  28. Sweden Mahmut Kashgeri Mother Tongue School
  29. Sweden Uyghur Education Association
  30. T’ruah
  31. Taiwan Association for Human Rights
  32. Taklimakan Islamiska Kultur Center
  33. TERRE DES FEMMES Schweiz
  34. The Rights Practice
  35. Tibet Justice Center
  36. Tibet Support Group
  37. Tibetan Youth Association in Europe
  38. Trades Union Congress
  39. Uighur U.K. Association
  40. Uigurischer Veren Schweiz (Swiss Uyghur Association)
  41. Uiguriska Utbildingsföreningen (Uyghur Education Association)

  1. UK Uyghur Community
  2. United Students Against Sweatshops
  3. Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization
  4. Unseen UK
  5. US Tibet Committee
  6. Uyghur Academy
  7. Uyghur Academy America
  8. Uyghur Academy Australia
  9. Uyghur Academy Europe
  10. Uyghur Aid
  11. Uyghur American Association
  12. Uyghur Association of Victoria
  13. Uyghur Collective
  14. Uyghur Democracy and Human Rights Center
  15. Uyghur Forum
  16. Uyghur Human Rights Project
  17. Uyghur Media Center
  18. Uyghur Mothers’ Union in Germany
  19. Uyghur Radio TV
  20. Uyghur Rally
  21. Uyghur Relief Fund
  22. Uyghur Research Institute
  23. Uyghur Rights Advocacy Project
  24. Uyghur Solidarity Campaign
  25. Uyghur Support Group Netherlands
  26. Uyghur Transitional Justice Database
  27. Uyghur Youth Union in Kazakhstan
  28. Uzbekistan Uyghur Culture Center
  29. Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation
  30. Victoria Hong Kong Tertiary Student Association
  31. Walk Free
  32. We Social Movements
  33. Worker Rights Consortium
  34. World Uyghur Congress